Kwasanuma mourning mask, carved of cedar with black eyebrows, round eyeholes, paint dripping from eyes and cheeks, mournful expression
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Mourning Mask

Today, potlatches begin with mourning songs, but people no longer wear mourning masks. Professional mourners were traditionally women and it is unusual that these masks are male mourners.


Yekutłikalas, Sam Charlie, Mamalilikala (Village Island)

Catalogue Information


Owned by Sam Charlie until its forced surrender to Indian Agent William Halliday on March 25, 1922. Halliday later displayed and photographed the seized pieces at the Parish Hall in Alert Bay. After doing an inventory, he crated the items in June, and at the end of September he shipped some of them to the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, on long-term loan from the National Museum of Man (now the Canadian Museum of History). They remained in the possession of the ROM until the NMM pulled its loan and returned the pieces to the Nuyumbalees and U'mista cultural societies in 1988. In 1995 Sam Charlie's daughter, Mary Beans (nee Charlie) requested her father's regalia be transferred from Nuyumbalees to U'mista for display.


Wood, Cedar; Paint; Metal


27.0 cm x 19.5 cm x 12.0 cm

Accession Number


Physical Description

K´wasanuma Mourning Mask carved out of red cedar and painted to represent a humanoid face. The natural wood is still visible through the thin whitewash layer. The eyebrows are painted black along with the irises of the eyes that encircle the carved sight holes. Both of the eyes have two red blood drops streaming from them. The cheeks have a decorative design painted to represent self-inflicted injury, a sign of grief and mourning. The lips are frowning and painted red. White, black, red.